The Basics of Roofing

Roofing is the covering on top of a building. All of the materials and constructions that make up the roof form part of the building envelope, which helps protect the building from the elements. Here are some things you should know before you start your project. Let’s begin by learning the basics of roofing. This article will cover the different types of roofing materials. Here are some tips at Roofing Durham NC on how to choose a quality roofing contractor. You’ll be glad you did!


To cut shingles, you’ll need to use a utility knife with a hook blade. When you cut shingles, make sure that you do them in staggered rows, as it will be easier to do if the seams are spaced evenly. Roofing reveals are usually five to six inches wide. Measure the size of each horizontal piece of shingles to ensure they’re the right size. For instance, if you’re installing a large shingle, you’ll need to cut two shingles per row.

Choosing a shingle type should be based on its intended function. In some cases, an asphalt roofing base material is used instead of cellulose fiber. Another important consideration is the overhang of the roof structure. This is the portion of the roof that extends beyond the exterior walls of a building. A ply is another layer of roofing material. Roofing that is too high will result in ponding, which is the accumulation of water after a rainfall, especially in low-lying areas. It can cause damage to a building, as it can be easily damaged by strong winds.

Depending on the type of roof you have, you should measure it. A gable roof is relatively easy to measure, while a gambrel or mansard roof will be more challenging. Intricate roof shapes create more waste, as shingles need to be cut and nailed in even rows across the roof deck. Not every square foot is equal, so the term “roof square” is useful for both simple and complex projects.

Raised or sloped roofs are another option. They offer great insulating properties and are increasingly being encouraged as a way to “green” the planet. As the soil and vegetation on top of the roof act as living insulation, they help moderate the temperature of the building. Adobe roofs are another option. These are made from clay mixed with a binding material, such as straw or animal hair. They are generally located in areas of low rainfall.

Roofing is a necessary part of building construction. Without a properly functioning roof, the quality of the construction of a building will be in question. Choosing a reliable roofing contractor is a wise investment, as they can ensure the roof will not leak, is a good insulator, and complement the building’s appearance. This means that you’ll save money in the long run by choosing the right roofing materials for your home.

While the cost of a new roof depends on the extent of damage, a good estimate will be relatively accurate. If your roof has moderate damage, you can hire a professional to replace the entire roof or just a certain area. The latter option is more difficult but may save you money in the long run. A rented dumpster is near your home, so shingles won’t go everywhere. But, be sure to ask for a price estimate in advance.

Another important aspect of roofing is choosing the materials to cover it. Most people opt to use wood boards for the skeleton of the roof, known as the deck. The skeleton will support the rest of the roof. The decking, or the underlayment, will support the shingles and other roofing materials. You can purchase plywood or OSB, but it will cost more than plywood. Besides, plywood is generally more expensive. But it’s durable and is more durable than OSB.

Another thing to keep an eye out for is rots in the sheathing of the roof. If there are soft spots, these could indicate rot or water seepage. Use a flashlight to check the attic’s sheathing for any rotten wood. A light that passes through the roof means that water is getting through, which is bad news. Roofing materials can be expensive, so make sure you shop around to find the best price.

Roofing materials are very versatile. Felt paper is a common choice for homes since it protects the wood decking underneath the shingles. It also increases the fire rating of the roof. Felt paper is available from most roofing suppliers and comes in 15 and 30-pound weights. The latter is better because it will wrinkle less, and it will be safer to walk on, especially on steep pitches. For roofing materials that are waterproof, rubberized asphalt is another option.